Unlike other countries, the Netherlands had real centralized paint system such as the German RLM or the American ANA. That doesn’t mean there wasn’t any unity between different aircraft types. It does however make it impractical to create a table with all the paints used. Therefore each individual scheme has it’s own little table with the paints used.

Disclaimer: As with all pages of this type, the colours shown are an approximation. Monitors can change the colour displayed and don’t account for shading and glossiness. In reality these colours would also fade over time, and different batches could deviate quite a bit from the ‘official’ colour.

Land based aircraft

During the 2nd world war the Dutch had two armies, each with their own air force; the LVA, which fought in The Netherlands themselves and the ML-KNIL, which fought in the Dutch Indies. Each had their own camouflage scheme.

LVA pre 1938 scheme

Before early 1938, aircraft of the LVA were painted in a camouflage consisting of a khaki topside and blue bottom side.

  Colour equivalents Gunze Tamiya Vallejo Hataka
LVA Khaki Khaki FS-14064*
RAL 6014
Upper surface camouflage of early aircraft
select training and reconnaissance aircraft
LVA Blauw sky blue FS-15189*
RAL 5018
Lower surface camouflage or early aircraft
Overall colour of training aircraft
Koolhoven FK-31 Koolhoven FK-46 Koolhoven Fk-49
Koolhoven Fk-51 Koolhoven Fk-56 Focke Wulf Fw-58
Fokker D.XVII Fokker D.XVI Bücker Bu-131
Fokker G.1 (prototype) Fokker T.IX (prototype, khaki overall)  

LVA Bruin-Beige-Groen

Fokker D.23 in LVA livery

This Brown-Beige-Green camouflage is probably the most iconic Dutch camouflage. It was used by the Luchtvaartafdeling der Koninklijke Landmacht (LVA), the army air force. The switch to this new camouflage occured with the introduction of the Fokker T.V, early 1938. Planes introduced before weren’t repainted.

It is not completely clear why the underside of the planes were painted brown. Theories exist, such as it is because the LVA believed the colour to be less visible when caught in searchlights. Quite the odd choice to paint all aircraft in a night camouflage, when none where optimized for night operations.

  Colour equivalents Gunze Tamiya Vallejo Hataka
Camouflage Bruin  Dark Brown FS-10059 H-047
  70.985 HTK-A087
Upper and Lower surface camouflage
Camouflage Beige  Sandy Brown FS-16360 H-336
  70.979 HTK-A074
Upper surface camouflage
Camouflage Groen  Dark Green FS-14077 H-330
Upper surface camouflage
 gray FS-16320
RAL 7001
Cockpit and fuselage interiors
Used Planned Possible
Fokker D.XXI Dornier Do-215 (order of 24 machines) Schelde S.21 (prototype under construction)
Fokker D.XXIII Koolhoven Fk.58 (36 machines ordered) Fokker G.2 (prototype under construction)
Fokker G.I   Fokker T.IX (interst shown in prototype)
Fokker T.V    
Douglas DB-8A-3N    

ML-KNIL Jong blad / oud blad

The Militaire Luchtvaart van het Koninklijk Nederlandsch-Indisch Leger (ML-KNIL), the Military Airforce of the Royal Dutch Indian Army, used it’s own colour scheme. It consisted of a green and olive drab upper side with a matt aluminium underside. With the Marin 139 and the Curtiss Hawk, only the underside of the wings, excluding the leading edges and tips, were painted aluminium. These colours were of American origin, and were often painted in the factory.

  Colour equivalents Gunze Tamiya Vallejo Hataka
Jong Blad “young leaf”
Dark green
Medium Green No. 42
XF-26 71.124
upper side camouflage together with Oud Blad
overall upper side camouflage of some Martin 139’s
This colour was continued as ANA 612 and later FS-34092. These colours however are somewhat different, whith FS-34094 being a closer match.
Oud Blad “old leaf”
Olive drab
Dark Olive Drab No. 41
H-78 XF-62 71.316 HTK-*018
faded heavily over time
upper side camouflage together with Jong Blad
overall upper side camouflage of Lockheed (2)12 Electra
This colour was continued as ANA 613 and later FS-34088. These colours however are somewhat different, whith FS-33070 being a closer match.
Mat Aluminium Matt Aluminium     XF-16    
Underside colour
Martin 139 bombers had only the wings bare aluminium, with the fuselage underside also painted with the upper camouflage scheme
aircraft notes
Brewster B-339D Buffalo  
Lockheed (2)12 Delivered in aluminium, later camouflaged with Oud Blad only
Curtiss CW-21B upper rear section of the canopy was painted transparent orange
Curtiss CW-22  
Fokker T.IX Possible future, Prototype was initally developed for the ML-KNIL
Martin 139 Jong Blad only on some planes. From sept. 1939 onward, previously painted yellow and blue/td>
Curtiss 75-A7 Hawk II  
Curtiss CW-21 “CW-362” of the ML-KNIL, notice the orange canopy, presumably as sun screen.

Water planes

Water planes used by the Dutch armed forces often sported a gray camouflage opposed to the regular LVA or ML-KNIL scheme.

Advert for Ikarol Lacquer from “vliegtuigwereld”, 02-11-1939
“The durable laquer for the conserving
of light metal land and waterplanes”

Ikarol A & B

‘Ikarol’ flieglack was a range of aviation varnishes developed by Warnecke and Bohm. In the Netherlands these were i.a. used in two schemes; First Ikarol A and from 1938 onward, Ikarol B. Ikarol A was first seen on the imported Do-24 and later on all other water planes as well. The Dorniers were later however repainted again to a scheme resembling that of the imported Catalina’s.

The paints themselves didn’t have standardized names, and were often known by different ones on different machines. They’re however most commonly know as Hollandgrijs or Hollandgrau.

  Colour equivalents Gunze Tamiya Vallejo Hataka
Hollandgrijs (Donker)
Ikarol 103/2
Holland Gray (dark) RAL 7003
XF-2 71.314
Ikarol A and Ikarol B upper side
Do-24 interior
Aluminium dope
Ikarol 111/s
Aluminium FS-27178        
Ikarol A lower side camouflage
Side external floats (Fokker C.XIV-w, T.VIII-w)
Holland Gray (light) FS-26440 FS-26440   70.986  
Ikarol B lower side camouflage
Zwart Black     XF-1    
Bottom side external floats (Fokker C.XIV-w, T.IV, T.VIII-w)
Ikarol A Ikarol B
Dornier Do-24K (delivery scheme first 18 machines) Dornier Do-24K (1938 to 1940)
Fokker T.IV (some machines) Fokker C.XIV-w (from 1938 onward)
Fokker T.VIII-w (2nd series, Fokker T-VIII W/G-2) machines R-6 to R24)

Post 1940

Dornier Do-24K “X-10” in it’s late war livery

During 1940, the remaining Dornier Do-24’s were repainted with DuPont colours in a scheme similar to the ordered PBY-5 Catalina’s. This scheme is probably the most well known of the different Dornier liveries. The top was painted with DuPont 71-1945 and the bottom 71-021

  Colour equivalents Gunze Tamiya Vallejo Hataka
Donkergrijs Dark gray FS-15042
Du Pont 71-19459
Upper side camouflage
Melkwit Milk white Du Pont 71-021
Lower side camouflage

Other schemes

Fokker T.VIII-w delivery scheme

The Fokker T.VIII-w machines were delivered in two orders. The prototype and the first series of 4 machines, ordered 23-9-’38 were called the Fokker T.VIII-w/G-1. These five machines, registration R-1 to 5 were delivered between 25-04-’39 and 13-09-’39 and were painted in a two tone gray colour. The 2nd series consisting of machines R-6 to R-11 were delivered in the Ikarol B scheme.

  Colour equivalents Gunze Tamiya Vallejo Hataka
Grijze deklak grey deck laquer          
Upper side of floats
Noordzeegrijs north sea gray FS-36231        
overall fuselage
upper side of the wings
Zwart Black     XF-1    
Bottom side floats
Aluminium dope Aluminium FS-27178        
Side of the floats
Underside camouflage of the wings
Overall Aircraft (R-1 prototype before delivery)


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