During the 2nd world war, the Hungarian Royal Air Force consisted mostly of German and Italian planes, either imported or licence build. Especially at the later stages of the war, these planes wore mostly the camouflage scheme they were delivered in. Hungary did however develop it’s own camouflage schemes. The paints were produced by E. Krayer and Co. Paint, Daub and Varnish Factory. Their shades were extremely similar to German paints, but were sometimes described as having more vibrant colours.

Research into these paints is still being done, with different sources citing different shades for colours.

Disclaimer: As with all pages of this type, the colours shown are an approximation. Monitors can change the colour displayed and don’t account for shading and glossiness. In reality these colours would also fade over time, and different batches could deviate quite a bit from the ‘official’ colour.

  Colour equivalents Gunze Tamiya Vallejo Hataka
G.1100 stone grey RAL 7005
FS-36187
    71.049 *335
upper side camouflage
G.1101 light blue RLM 65
FS-35352
H-067
C-115
N-067
S-115
XF-23 71.225 *029
underside camouflage
G.1102 earth brown RLM 61
RAL 8019
FS-30040
    71.882 *195
(*168)
upper side camouflage. The colour is also interpreted as the more bright FS-10049 by some
G.1103 dark green RAL 6002
FS-34096
    71.968 *196
(*169)
upper side camouflage, either solid or in combination with G.1102, G.1100 or sometimes H.1795
G.1114 Red          
Hungarian flag insignia
G.1115 White          
Hungarian flag insignia
G.1116 Green          
Hungarian flag insignia
H.1795 earth yellow
ochre
RAL 7028
FS-33440
H-058   70.978 *197
(*310)
experimental upper side camouflage
C.28/A black          
Roundel, identification markings
C.54 yellow     XF-3    
identification markings, spinners

Roundels

Chevron, 1938-1942

After the Hungarian air force became independent from the army, it needed a new roundel. This became the chevron roundel, applied to the tail (middle) and wings (on 7/8th length of the wing), pointing forward. If the plane had multiple tails, it was only painted on the outermost surfaces. Measured along the base, the ratio is 1/8 red, 5/8 white 1/4 green. (Decree no. 30.418/1938)
Junkers Ju 86 K-2, clearly showing the chevron markings

Cross, 1938-1942

Roundel
     
Tail Flash
Standard markings of the Royal Hungarian air force. During the war against the Soviet Union in 1941, the chevron marking was found to be difficult to spot, resulting in friendly fire by German pilots. As a solution, a new roundel was implemented in 1942.
The size of the white cross was not defined and would widely vary between aircraft. Sometimes only the black outline was painted, showing the camouflage within the cross. The white part was also sometimes painted over to reduce visibility. In other cases the cross wasn’t bordered by black at the sides
The tail and stabilizers would sometimes feature the Hungarian flag, to keep the national identity as the roundel was pretty much the inverted German Balkenkreuz.

Wrong interpreted roundel

Wrong marking painted on some German imported aircraft due to misinterpretation of the regulations. As the roundel based around the inverse of the German Balkenkreuz, the instructions were sometimes misinterpreted as a complete inverse, without the additional black fillings.
Messerschmitt Bf 109 “V3+72”, sporting the wrongly interpreted roundel.

Alternate proposal

Alternate roundel proposal for replacement of the chevron. (decree nr 59.120/ 1941). Experiments however showed the roundel to be difficult to recognize. No photo’s of these experiments are known.

Camouflage schemes

Poster showing a wide variety of aircraft used by the Hungarian air force

The Hungarian air force used mostly the camouflages the imported aircraft were delivered in, especially later in the war. However for their own (licence) build aircraft, they did apply their own camouflage scheme’s.

Grey-Brown-Green over Blue scheme

Reminiscent of the early German RLM 61-62-63 over 65 scheme, these Krayer colours were sometimes said to be more vibrant then their German counterparts. This claim is hover disputed. This scheme was used mostly on early war machines, such as the Heinkel He 112, Fiat CR.32, but was also experimentally used on the Bf 109. It however fell out of use during the introduction of the cross style roundel in 1942.
Upper surface: stone grey (G.1100), earth brown (G.1102) and dark green (G.1103).
Lower surface: light blue (G.1101).

Experimental Yellow-Brown-Green camouflage

This camouflage scheme was proposed by Krayer, but never implemented. It was similar to the standard grey-brown-green scheme, but substituted the grey for H.1795 ochre yellow. It is very similar to the scheme used on Hungarian tanks of the time.

Sources:

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